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The conference took place on 27th-29th September 2005 in Moscow at territory AllRussian Exhibition Center

Organizer of conference is Company "Holography-Service" (Moscow)


Programme   Program Committee    Organization Committee


Results of the Conference


Among essential problems of maintenance of national safety of Russia the important place is occupied with a problem of overcoming of scientific and technical and technological dependence of the state from external sources. The decision of this strategic problem is connected to escalating highly technological potential of the country. One of the most high technology technologies is the holography. Last years it is a lot of attention at us it is given active introduction of holographic technologies and methods in the most various branches of economy, a science and engineering.
 In this connection rather actual there is a need for a duly estimation of a condition of the domestic market of holographic production and consecutive definition of directions of it’s development.
 With this purpose at the All-Russia Exhibition Centre the Second International Forum «Holoexpo – 2005» (September, 27-29) was carried out. It’s organizers acted as Open Society «the All-Russia Exhibition Centre», science-and-production company «Holography-Service», the organizer - exhibition complex «VDNH-EXPO», the sponsor – NPO «Krypten».
  The Forum was carried out at support of Federal service under the technical and export control of Russia, the Moscow commercial and industrial chamber, the head profile organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Ministry of Justice of Russia and FSB of Russia.
The compliments to the participants and guests have sent by the head of department of judicial - expert establishments of Ministry of Justice of Russia T.Moskvina, General director FSUC “NTC Atlas” B.Girichev, the full Member of the Russian academy of sciences J.N.Denisjuk, the Chairman of Federal service under the technical and export control of Russia of S.Grigorov, , the general Director of the All-Russia Exhibition Centre M.Musaev. The forum was opened by executives of a lot federal enforcement authorities, heads of the enterprises and the organizations working in the field of holography, representatives of appropriate public organizations and also the President of the International Holograms Manufactures Association Mr. Ian M. Lancaster (IHMA, England).
The main event of the second international forum  was scientific and technical conference “Holography in Russia and abroad. Science and practice”.
Simultaneously with conference there was the exhibition “Holography EXPO-2004” on which were visitors with unique technologies and materials for the holography, presented experts  of BMSTU , JSC “Holograte”, FSUC “NTC Atlas”  and JSC “James River RUS”, science-and-production company «Holography-Service», «API Security Foils» (England), «Centro Grafico dg Spa» (Italy), «Garware Polyester ltd» (India). It is necessary to notice, that all is higher the listed firms have carried out presentations of production.
In the  conference hall which contained more than 180 persons, there were representatives of such organizations, as JSC “Holograte” (Saint Petersburg), FSUC “NTC Atlas”, OS “Concert of Russian security technologies”, NPO “Krypten”, OC “Solid PS”, JSC “FPY holographic technologies”, OC “Holography Service”, OC MTO “MeDia”, SRI Optical-physical Measurements, scientific research institute “Goznak”, NTC “Applied computer optics”, Open Company “Nova-M” (all - Moscow), Open Society “Mosoblznak”, Institute of automatics and electrometrics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science (Novosibirsk), Institute of systems of processing of images of the Russian Academy of Science (Samara), Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Science (Moscow), the joint venture “Holography” (Kiev), Joint-Stock Company “Holography industry (Minsk), Open Company “Magic of light” (Minsk), Institute of physics of semiconductors NAN of Ukraine, Institute of physics NAN of Kyrgyzstan, “Geola UAB” (Vilnius, Lithuania), “Demax” (Bulgaria), “Process Color” (India), “Applied Optical Technologies” (England), “Light Impressions” (England) and many others.
The final statistics is those: in total participants of the Forum were present 186 persons (Russia - 150 persons, Ukraine - 5 persons, Byelorussia - 6 persons, Moldova - 3 persons, Bulgaria - 2 persons, Lithuania – 2 persons, Kazakhstan - 1 person, Uzbekistan - 1 person, England - 5 persons, India - 4 persons, Italy - 4 persons, Kuwait - 1 person, Switzerland - 1 person). From participants lecturers were 47 persons from Russia, 2 persons from Ukraine, 1 person from Byelorussia, 1 person from Bulgaria, 1 person from Moldova, 1 person from Lithuania, 1 person from Kazakhstan, 1 person from Uzbekistan, 1 person from England, 2 persons from India, 1 person from Kuwait, 1 person from Switzerland. All reports have been broken on thematic sections:
o Scientific and technical development in the field of security holography – 17 reports.
o Scientific and technical applications of holography – 10 reports.
o Graphical holography and 3D-display objects on the basis of holographic methods – 8 reports.
o Holographic and diffractive optical elements – 11 reports.
o Holographic interferometry and its applications – 7 reports.
o Recording media and materials for holography – 8 reports.
Information and advertising support was rendered by the Russian magazine «Vodyanoy Znak» №9(29) 2005  issued by Open Society “Goznak”. The forum “Holography EXPO-2005”  also has obtained the international confession, in magazine «Holography News» № 6,2005 article devoted to “Holography EXPO-2005” was published.
In opinion of organizers, participants and visitors the past forum was held as the event organically combining industrial potential, engineering and scientific ideas, enterprise interests.    


The conference took place on 19th-22nd October 2004 in Moscow at territory AllRussian Exhibition Center

Organizer of conference is Company "Holography-Service" (Moscow)




Results of the Conference

The results of the conference were summarized by HoloNews.

HoloExpo: Calls for Standards and Certification

Around 70 people attended HoloExpo-2004 in Moscow, Russia's first conference to focus on commercial issues in holography. There were around 40 papers delivered, almost half of them focusing on aspects of protection for and improvement of authentication holograms, reflecting the concerns and business arena of the industry in the FSU. Most of the delegates were from Russia, but there were also participants from other FSU countries (Ukraine, Byelorussia, Romania), the UK and India.

Call For Regulation

As well as papers describing new features in security holograms, several speakers called for more regulation of the hologram industry in Russia. A sub-text was the threat to the industry from counterfeit holograms, a genuine concern in Russia where the government authorities have adopted holograms as the major anti-counterfeiting feature on excise tax seals, licences, passports and numerous other official documents. Security printers in Russia are licensed by the State and there were calls for hologram producers to be similarly regulated - a response no doubt to the rogue producers in the country. Atlas, for example, a state-owned hologram producer, called for the establishment of a database of hologram types managed by a State agency; HoloGrate called for more co-ordination of the activities of the hologram industry, and V.Popov of the Technical and Science Centre company summarised these discussions by calling for a regulatory vehicle to control the industry. He also asked delegates to consider establishing a Russian hologram association to help this regulatory agency by establishing a "council of experts" to help decide what constitutes a security hologram and what is a counterfeit.

Defining Security Holograms

The question of what constitutes a security hologram was dealt with at greater length in a joint paper from Atlas and the Bauman Moscow State Technical University. They proposed a typology for the characteristic components of holograms, from which it would be possible to specify what elements should be in a hologram to give it "security". The proposed typology is provided in the sidebar. Ian Lankaster, general secretary of the IHMA was a guest at the conference which provided an opportunity for discussion of relations between the international hologram community - as represented by the IHMA - and a new Russian hologram association. While it may be early days, it was clear that there was sympathy among the delegates for such an association but cncern also that it related to the IHMA.

Recommended for Security

Size of image pixels or characters - 0.1-0.2 um;

Volume or depth - with some three-dimensionality;

Number of planes - more than 2;

Dynamics - discrete image changes in left-right and up-down rotation about the axis;

Colour - to include real colour, controlled monochrome and controlled colour changes;

Covert elements - latent features visible only with knowledge and a hand-held tool;

Identifier - a "watermark" type element which is unique to the origination studio;

Machine readability - necessary for high security;

Presence of other features - eg. fresnel lens, moire pattern.


Comment: Could Others Follow Russia's Lead?

The idea of government regulation or licensing, as called for at Holo-Expo, is anathema in many countries, where the view holds that the market rules, whether the customer is the government or a large multinational brand owner. Nonetheless, there could be value in the Russian example, which would put hologram producers into the same class as the printers they supply. But regulation does not have to be by a government; it can be self-regulation, by the industry. And this is the route that the IHMA has chosen with its introduction of the certification scheme for secure hologram producers. Holders of the sertificate have met the standards of security and production control required by the industry, which includes an appropriate assessment, or verting of customers, to ensure that they, in turn, are legitimate. But customers - legitimate ones - may in turn need help to decide what level of security they need in the holograms they require. And this is where the suggestion made at Holo-Expo for a typology of holograms may also have merit. The IHMA has a Glossary of Holographic Terminology - but this doe not establish a typology, it simply describes. And the first edition is out of date, illustrating the danger of any such attempt to codify or classify of becoming left behind by progress. Yet being out of date need not happen if the typology is regularly reviewed. The suggestion from Bauman Moscow University is designed to help define what level of image feature is required to differentiate a security hologram from a decorative or promotional hologram. At first sight, this may appear simplistic. But it need not be so. The IHMA could also consider taking the lead in developing a global typology of holograms, indicating what degree of sophistication in the characteristics of the hologram would differentiate a highly secure hologram and, in turn, from a decorative hologram. This, surely, would prove very helpful to customers who would have an objective guide to the level of security they are buying. At a time when brand owners and central banks are seeing their holograms counterfeited such a guide would help them to realise the requirements - and the cost of requirements - for a secure or highly secure hologram.


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